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Object Timeline

-0001

1951

  • We acquired this object.

2004

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2019

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Brisé Cockade Fan (USA)

This is a Brisé cockade fan. We acquired it in 1951. Its medium is drilled vulcanized rubber, silk ribbon. It is a part of the Textiles department.

The words "Man’f Company Lambertville Goodyear Patent," stamped in tiny letters on the handle of this fan provide the key to its material. The Lambertville Manufacturing Company was active in the 1860s in the manufacture of vulcanized rubber. Natural rubber, tapped from tropical trees, is a "plastic" polymer material, which can be formed or molded, but in its natural state it is sticky, odiferous, and perishable. It does not hold its shape when exposed to heat, and becomes brittle when exposed to cold. In the vulcanization process, natural rubber is heated with sulfur, making it harder and less susceptible to temperature changes.
Various patents for vulcanized rubber were granted to Charles Goodyear and his brother between 1839 and 1860, transforming rubber from an impractical manufacturing material to a vastly important resource used to manufacture tires. The fan functions beautifully as a promotional souvenir commemorating one of Goodyear’s patents, showcasing its improved properties.

This object was featured in our Object of the Day series in a post titled This is Not a Tire.

Our curators have highlighted 7 objects that are related to this one. Here are three of them, selected at random:

Cite this object as

Brisé Cockade Fan (USA); drilled vulcanized rubber, silk ribbon; 1951-106-3

This object was previously on display as a part of the exhibitions Making Design and Faster, Cheaper, Newer, More: The Revolutions of 1848.

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<ref name=CH>{{cite web |url=https://www-6.collection.cooperhewitt.org/objects/18386629/ |title=Brisé Cockade Fan (USA) |author=Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum |accessdate=20 June 2019 |publisher=Smithsonian Institution}}</ref>