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The Substitute, 2019

It was designed by Alexandra Daisy Ginsberg and studio of The Mill. It is dated 2019. Its medium is installation, video.

On March 19, 2018, the last male northern white rhino, Sudan, died, bringing his subspecies to the brink of extinction. As scientists work to resurrect the rhino through experimental and controversial biotechnologies, Alexandra Daisy Ginsberg “brings back to life” a male northern white rhino using data generated by artificial intelligence to ask the question “what errors in reproduction may arise as we recreate life artificially?” Confined to a virtual room, the artificial rhino begins its life with no grid cells—specialized brain cells in mammals that help them navigate space. The rhino develops grid-cell representations as it moves around the confined space and calibrates to it, becoming increasingly intelligent. As it habituates to its environment, the rhino’s form and sound toggle from pixelated to lifelike—reminding us that this rhino, coming to life without its natural context, is entirely artificial.

It is credited Commissioned by Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum and Cube design museum.

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This object was previously on display as a part of the exhibition Nature—Cooper Hewitt Design Triennial.

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<ref name=CH>{{cite web |url=https://www-6.collection.cooperhewitt.org/objects/2318798865/ |title=The Substitute, 2019 |author=Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum |accessdate=24 May 2020 |publisher=Smithsonian Institution}}</ref>