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Poster, Residencias (Residences), 1930s

This is a Poster. It was printed by Ministerio de Instruccion Publica. It is dated 1930s and we acquired it in 1997. Its medium is lithograph on paper. It is a part of the Drawings, Prints, and Graphic Design department.

The number of refugees rapidly increased at the start of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Among these refugees were thousands of children-- some of whom endured wartime Spain, while others evacuated to other European countries. This poster most likely depicts one of Spain’s government funded residencias, residences, that promoted protection and care for refugee children. The Ministry of Public Education and Health and the National Council for Evacuated Children of Spain oversaw the management of these residences, where women often educated the children. The woman depicted in the poster represents the motherly care provided to children at the residences. What is more, children were educated about Republican values with the idea that they were to grow up as working adults in the agricultural and industrial unions forming in Spain at the time. In the effort of promoting a nationalistic agenda, not only did these residences provide a special refuge for children, but the housing program also educated them to become the future of Republican Spain.

This object was featured in our Object of the Day series in a post titled A Maternal Touch for Refugees.

This object was donated by William P. Mangold. It is credited Gift of William P. Mangold.

Its dimensions are

99.1 x 67.7 cm (39 in. x 26 5/8 in.)

It is inscribed

Printed in green ink, left margin: MINISTERIO DE INSTRUCCION PUBLICA

Cite this object as

Poster, Residencias (Residences), 1930s; Printed by Ministerio de Instruccion Publica ; Spain; lithograph on paper; 99.1 x 67.7 cm (39 in. x 26 5/8 in.); Gift of William P. Mangold; 1997-21-7

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If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=CH>{{cite web |url= |title=Poster, Residencias (Residences), 1930s |author=Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum |accessdate=19 October 2019 |publisher=Smithsonian Institution}}</ref>