There is one other image of this object. This object has no known copyright, and as such we offer a high-resolution image of it. See our image rights statement.


See more objects with the tag coat of arms, monogram, girls, education, alphabet, labeling.

Object Timeline


  • We acquired this object.





  • You found it!

Sampler (Germany), 1834

This is a Sampler. It is dated 1834 and we acquired it in 1981. Its medium is cotton and its technique is embroidered in satin, stem, knot, and back stitches with overcasting on plain weave foundation. It is a part of the Textiles department.

Samplers are embroideries that showcase needlework skills. Sampler designs not only vary by date, but also by country and region. Like many other nineteenth century German samplers, this example was worked entirely in red thread on a cream-colored cotton ground. German samplers were among the first to include alphabets, and those from the nineteenth century often feature multiple versions, usually with one rendered in a Gothic script, as seen here. The maker’s delicate, naturalistic rendering of leafy wreaths and sprigs is also characteristic of samplers made in nineteenth-century Germany.

Although samplers were sometimes worked at home with a governess, this sampler was likely made at school. Many nineteenth-century German samplers of this style feature armorial crests that bear their school’s location and initials. “Dresden” and “O. P.” appear in the center of this example. The elaborate initials “H” and “E” on either side of the armorial may reference the maker’s instructor, and the scattered and sometimes repeating names that surround it could allude to the embroiderer’s classmates.

This object was featured in our Object of the Day series in a post titled Stitches in Time.

This object was bequest of Gertrude M. Oppenheimer. It is credited Bequest of Gertrude M. Oppenheimer.

  • Sampler (England), 1730
  • silk and linen embroidery on linen foundation.
  • Bequest of Rosalie Coe, from the collection inherited from her mother, Eva....
  • 1974-42-3

Its dimensions are

H x W: 36.8 x 41.3 cm (14 1/2 x 16 1/4 in.)

It is inscribed


Cite this object as

Sampler (Germany), 1834; cotton; H x W: 36.8 x 41.3 cm (14 1/2 x 16 1/4 in.); Bequest of Gertrude M. Oppenheimer; 1981-28-277

This object may be subject to Copyright or other restrictions.

You are welcome to make fair use of this image under U.S. Copyright law and in compliance with our terms of use. Please note that you are responsible for determining whether your use is fair and for responding to any claims that may arise from your use.

For higher resolution or commercial use contact ArtResource.

If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=CH>{{cite web |url= |title=Sampler (Germany), 1834 |author=Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum |accessdate=10 December 2019 |publisher=Smithsonian Institution}}</ref>