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Object Timeline

1944

  • We acquired this object.

2012

2020

  • You found it!

Textile (USA), mid-19th century

This is a Textile. It is dated mid-19th century and we acquired it in 1944. Its medium is cotton and its technique is printed by engraved roller on plain weave. It is a part of the Textiles Department department.

Resaca de la Palma was the site of an early battle in what became the U.S. – Mexico War. In March of 1846, the U.S. army under General Zachary Taylor established a fort on the northern banks of the Rio Grande, claiming the river as the southern boundary of the newly annexed state of Texas. Mexico had placed the boundary at the Nueces River, far to the north. There followed weeks of fighting between Taylor’s forces and those of Mexican general Mariano Arista. Mexican leaders believed they were defending Mexican territory, yet the result was that President Polk declared war on Mexico, claiming that American soldiers had been killed "on American soil."
The two-year struggle eventually established the Rio Grande as the international border, and today Resaca de la Palma is in Brownsville, Texas. The treaty at the end of the war granted U.S. citizenship to Mexicans occupying the disputed territory, and while some left, many remained and became Mexican-Americans. Both generals Taylor and Arista went on to serve as presidents of their countries.

Its dimensions are

H x W: 38.3 x 56.2 cm (15 1/16 x 22 1/8 in.)

Cite this object as

Textile (USA), mid-19th century; cotton; H x W: 38.3 x 56.2 cm (15 1/16 x 22 1/8 in.); 1944-54-1

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If you would like to cite this object in a Wikipedia article please use the following template:

<ref name=CH>{{cite web |url=https://www-6.collection.cooperhewitt.org/objects/18571769/ |title=Textile (USA), mid-19th century |author=Cooper Hewitt, Smithsonian Design Museum |accessdate=10 April 2020 |publisher=Smithsonian Institution}}</ref>