Pleated Mourning Fan (France), 1885–90
This is a Pleated mourning fan. It is dated 1885–90 and we acquired it in 1952. Its medium is silk crepe leaf, painted wood guards and sticks inlaid with black spangles, guards cut à jour, horn washer and metal loop at the rivet, silk ribbon. It is a part of the Textiles department.
In Europe and the US, middle- and upper-class women followed strict and complicated etiquette guidelines in daily life, including after a family member’s death. Etiquette dictated that a survivor follow at least two phases of mourning—deep followed by half, or second, mourning—to publicly proclaim her grief. Deep mourning, when she was expected to seclude herself from most social gatherings and wear only dull blacks, lasted a few weeks to a year, depending on the mourner’s relationship to deceased, with widows invariably mourning the longest. Women were expected to replace their ordinary goods—dresses, hats, handkerchiefs, stationery, parasols, fans, and so on—with specific mourning ones, always in the latest styles. Daily newspapers, fashion magazines, and etiquette books prescribed ways for women to mourn “well,” fashionably yet still respectfully grief-stricken; to err in doing so was an insult to both society and the deceased. This simple fan of fragile black crepe silk—an unmistakable signifier for mourning—by the prestigious évantailliste Maison Duvelleroy, was likely used in deep mourning, helping the user proclaim her grief, her role in polite society, and her fashionability.
It is credited
Gift of Anonymous Donor.
Its dimensions are
H x W (open): 33.7 x 58.4 cm (13 1/4 in. x 23 in.) without ribbon H x W (open): 62.2 x 58.4 cm (24 1/2 in. x 23 in.) with ribbon
It is signed
Signed on reverse of right guard, in white ink: Duvelleroy
It is inscribed
In cardboard box marked: Tiffany & Co. Union Square, New York 221 & 221A Regent St. London Ave. de l’Opera 36 Bis Paris Grand Prix Expositions Universelles 1878 & 1889
Cite this object as
Pleated Mourning Fan (France), 1885–90; Previously owned by Metropolitan Museum of Art ; silk crepe leaf, painted wood guards and sticks inlaid with black spangles, guards cut à jour, horn washer and metal loop at the rivet, silk ribbon; H x W (open): 33.7 x 58.4 cm (13 1/4 in. x 23 in.) without ribbon H x W (open): 62.2 x 58.4 cm (24 1/2 in. x 23 in.) with ribbon; Gift of Anonymous Donor; 1952-161-226