Textile (Spain), 15th century
This is a Textile. It is dated 15th century and we acquired it in 1902. Its medium is silk, metallic (gilded parchment wound around linen core) and its technique is two interconnected structures: 4&1 satin and weft faced plain weave (lampas). It is a part of the Textiles department.
This Spanish textile features confronted leopards or cheetahs within a geometric framework, an enduring motif that probably originated in early Islamic Egypt or Persia. Woven in the 15th century by Islamic weavers, this silk lampas may have been produced in Almería, a center of silk production in Andalucía and a source of blue and gold textiles with similar motifs. Although it is unclear whether the spotted cats are leopards or cheetahs, elongated spots below their eyes suggest the “tear lines” below a cheetah’s eyes. The collars on the animals may refer to the tradition of Persian kings using leashed cheetahs as hunting animals, a practice that Frederick II (1194-1250), the Holy Roman Emperor, brought to Europe. The pose of the cats recalls heraldry, the art of creating emblems for aristocratic houses, sometimes found on period garments.
This object was
John Pierpont Morgan.
It is credited
Gift of John Pierpont Morgan.
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Its dimensions are
Warp x Weft: 42.5 x 33 cm (16 3/4 x 13 in.)
Cite this object as
Textile (Spain), 15th century; Previously owned by Francisco Miquel y Badia (Spanish, 1840 - 1899); silk, metallic (gilded parchment wound around linen core); Warp x Weft: 42.5 x 33 cm (16 3/4 x 13 in.); Gift of John Pierpont Morgan; 1902-1-251